The child in the period of growth is certainly very happy to play and activity a day. This would have been familiar with the mother. For parents, a joy seeing the little one is always active and cheerful. But not infrequently the activity, children make parents concerned with the health of his son. During this period, the child is often sick due to the decrease in the resistance of the body, so that the body is not strong enough to fight the evil germs that can cause disease.
The durability of the body itself is influenced by various factors, such as food intake, activity, as well as hygiene. Nutrition for kids is the pillars that supported the growth and development of the child’s body. Food intake is good for increasing the durability of the body is well balanced, i.e. with a diet consisting of protein, carbohydrates, vegetables, fruits, fats, vitamins and minerals. Various vitamins and minerals, what’s special, known to increase the body’s immunity, appetite and speed healing ailing children 1
Maybe this time the mothers wonder, what vitamins are good for increasing the children consumed the durability of the body? Currently, the health workers in Indonesia refer to guidelines issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) and recommendations from the bonds of Indonesia Pediatricians (IDAI) about vitamin and mineral supplementation. The following are some of the known good vitamins to boost the immune body.
Metabolites of vitamin A is an important factor to increase the proliferation of immune cells, as well as sitotoksisitas to fight germs in the body. 2 this process is mainly found on the layer in the intestine, so it is good to improve the immune system indigestion. Foods that contain vitamin A is very easy to obtained daily. The food ingredients such as: carrots, sweet potato, tomatoes, beef, vegetables, green papaya, and mango. The mother can manipulate a variety of foodstuffs that are rich in vitamin A in menu the favored child. Aside from food consumption, the WHO recommends the granting of vitamin A supplementation of 100,000 U in infants aged 6-11 months, and vitamin A 200,000 U 4-6 each month for children aged 12-59 months. 3 However, mothers need not worry because in Indonesia alone, The Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) Indonesia has vitamin A monthly program in February and August 4 every year.
The mother may not be familiar with the role of vitamin D for bone growth little one. But in addition, vitamin D is also known to have imunomodulasi effects, that strengthens the body’s immune cells. 2 Vitamin D is easily found in dairy products, such as milk, cheese and yogurt. Other foods rich in vitamin D include fish, soybeans, spinach and egg yolk. Exposure to sunlight is also necessary for the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends administering vitamin D supplementation of 400 IU in infants BREAST MILK exclusively, babies who drank milk formula less than 1 liter per day, and children and adolescents. 5 Yet until now there has been no recommendation routine vitamin D supplementation for children of Indonesia.
Iron has an important role in the growth and development of the brain, increasing the durability of the body as well as the concentration and learning achievement. Red meat, liver, fish, tofu, eggs, green vegetables, and nuts are a food high in iron. The who recommends the routine iron supplementation every day for 3 months each year in infants ages 6 – 23 months. 6 in Indonesia alone, iron supplementation IDAI recommends granting to all children, with priority age, toddlers (0-5 years), especially the age of 0-2 years. The recommended supplementation of 3 mg/kg BB/day for LOW BIRTH WEIGHT 2500 grams <, 2 mg/kg/day for 1 month enough baby mg/kg BB/day for toddlers and school-aged children, and 60 mg/day for adolescents. The grant is recommended twice a week for 3 consecutive months each year 7
Other minerals are important for babies and children are Zink (zinc). Zink is one of the minerals that are essential for the development and function of immune cells, the process of phagocytosis against germs. 8 in addition, zink was also known to have a role as an antioxidant, to prevent tissue damage due to free radicals. Foods rich in zinc such as: spinach, garlic, beef, shrimps, nuts and seeds. Zinc supplementation is also known to lower the incidence of diarrhea and pneumonia. 9.10 Supplementation Zink in Indonesia granted routinely for at least 2 months every 6 months, infants aged 6-23 months 11.
Through the information above, surely the mother now already knows which vitamins and minerals are good for increasing the durability of the body of the child. Both can be found on food prepared daily, as well as in